The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) has announced support for plans by the government of Mexico to promote nearshoring, or the relocation of companies closer to end markets, to help foster sustainable development, especially in the country’s south-southeastern states.
In a joint news conference with Mexico’s Finance and Public Credit Undersecretary Gabriel Yorio, IDB Vice President for Countries Richard Martínez emphasised the commitment of the Bank and its private-sector arm, IDB Invest, to help Mexico take advantage of enormous new opportunities resulting from the reconfiguration of global supply chains.
Over the next three years, IDB Invest can provide an estimated $1.75 billion to $2.25 billion in short- and long-term financing and mobilised resources for new industrial parks, investment in anchor companies (including relocation expenses) and for developing innovative mechanisms to finance small and midsize companies (SMEs) working in global supply chains.
According to preliminary data from an IDB study, nearshoring could add $78 billion annually in additional exports from Latin America and the Caribbean in the near and medium term. Mexico could see the biggest gains, adding $35.3 billion annually in exports of goods alone.
“Latin America today has a unique opportunity to attract investment, and nowhere is this opportunity bigger than in Mexico. That’s due to its geographical location, the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), its abundant human talent, the complexity of its products, and its growing participation in global supply chains,” said Martínez.
“It is an honour for us at the IDB Group to partner with Mexico’s government to promote nearshoring policies to contribute to the whole country’s sustainable growth.”
On July 7, Martínez will embark on a two-day visit to the Tehuantepec Isthmus’s interoceanic corridor alongside with officials from Mexico’s Finance Secretariat; IDB Invest CEO James P. Scriven; IDB General Manager of the Country Department for Central America, Haiti, Mexico, Panama and the Dominican Republic, Fernando Quevedo; and the IDB Group’s Representative in Mexico, Ernesto Stein.
The visit will identify concrete opportunities for the IDB Group to support Mexican government initiatives for regional growth by attracting investment and fostering the development of industrial parks and logistics platforms, strengthening the insertion of SMEs into global supply chains, supporting talent development and territorial planning, and helping reduce social and economic gaps.
Mexico’s South-Southeast region lags the rest of the country in several areas. The poverty rate is approximately 59 per cent, compared to 27 per cent in the North, whereas work productivity is half that of the North. Other challenges include lower productive capacity, wider gender gaps in the labour market, and a higher degree of difficulty adapting to climate change.
Integrating the region into global supply chains will help close social and productivity gaps, attract investment, and create new opportunities in areas including manufacturing and agribusiness.