International, regional, and government leaders announced the launch of a broad-based project to support actions to mitigate climate change and its serious health impacts in Caribbean nations.
The EU/CARIFORUM Strengthening Climate Resilient Health Systems Project, which was launched last week, is a joint project of the European Union and CARICOM that PAHO is coordinating. The project will advance public understanding of climate change effects and strengthen the ability of health systems to respond to climate-related health impacts.
The virtual launched was attended by leading representatives of governments and organizations that are partners in the €6.85 million (USD $8.28 million) project, including CARICOM Secretary-General, Irwin LaRocque; Dominica’s Minister of Health, Dr Irving McIntyre and Head of Delegation of the European Union to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean States, Malgorzata Wasilewska.
Partners in the project also include Caribbean universities, and regional climate, public health and agricultural agencies and organisations.
The beneficiary countries are Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago.
Americas must unite to address climate issues
In her presentation to the virtual meeting, PAHO Director Carissa F. Etienne said, “We are at a crucial point in time in the Americas when we must increase our solidarity and inter-governmental collaboration to address climate issues, which are arguably the health challenges of the century. The Americas must embrace mechanisms for countries to come together around climate change.”
She pointed out that the project supports a cadre of new climate and health leaders, adding the initiative promotes evidence for the frequently hidden health co-benefits of climate action as well as supporting the implementation of health-related plans and resources for mitigation and adaptation for health.
She added that the EU/CARIFORUM Climate Change and Health Project will also assist regional nations in accessing funding for coping with climate change.
Etienne stated that PAHO would also work to assist Caribbean nations in getting financial assistance. She said that PAHO will do so through the Green Climate Fund, which was established to help developing nations respond to climate change.
WHO projections on climate change deaths
LaRocque pointed to projections from the World Health Organization showing that between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250,000 additional deaths per year from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress.
According to the CARICOM Secretary-General, “The direct cost to health is estimated to be between $2 to $4 billion per year by 2030. Tellingly, areas with weak health infrastructure, mostly in developing countries, will be the least able to cope without assistance to prepare and respond.”
He asserted that in order to respond to climate change, CARICOM’s member states must have access to concessional development financing, or soft loans, with more generous terms than market loans.
LaRocque articulated that financing should be based on the universal vulnerability index, which measures the exposure of populations to hazards.
Dominica’s climate change efforts
For his part, Minister of Health for Dominica Irving McIntyre said that his country has felt the effects of climate change first-hand and as a result aims to become the region’s first climate-resilient nation by 2030.
“While we have been calling on the developed countries to change their habits, we have been doing what we can to build resilience in our country,” McIntyre told the virtual meeting, adding, “The government of Dominica has directed investments towards economic transition and recovery efforts.”
He highlighted that Dominica is well on its way towards achieving resilience in terms of infrastructure, economy and fiscal policies as well as resilience in health and education system.
The minister pointed to key actions by his country such as the formalisation of the Climate Resilience Execution Agency of Dominica, which took place shortly after Hurricane Maria.
The agency works to incorporate resilience into all aspects of society. McIntyre mentioned the island’s seven-megawatt geothermal plant and the Building Back Better initiative to help residents rehabilitate, rebuild or design homes to be both energy-efficient and resilient.
In concluding, he pointed to the 2019 plastic ban and the SMART Hospital program, which focuses on improving hospitals’ resilience.