JAM | May 18, 2023

Wellness Watch: The dangers associated with thyroid disease

Vanassa McKenzie

Vanassa McKenzie / Our Today

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Thyroid disease is a common medical condition that affects many people globally, however, not many people living with the disease are aware they have the condition.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of the neck that produces hormones that help the body to carry out specific functions such as controlingcontrolling the rate of metabolism.

When the thyroid is not able to carry out its core function properly, making the right amount of hormones, this is known as a thyroid disorder or disease.

This disorder is common among both males and females. Individuals can develop the medical condition at an early stage in their life or as they get older.

Some of the most common risk factors for the medical condition are family history, age, poor lifestyle choices, and preexisting medical conditions such as pernicious anaemia, diabetes, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.


According to the Mayo Clinic, Hypothyroidism commonly known as underactive thyroid occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough thyroid hormone.

This condition may not cause noticeable symptoms at an early stage however, if left untreated it may lead to serious health conditions such as the development or cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol and an abnormal swelling thyroid gland known as goitre.

For individuals who do experience symptoms, they may include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, depression and among others.


Hyperthyroidism or overreactive refers to a condition where the thyroid produces too many hormones.

According to the Mayo Clinic, hyperthyroidism speeds up the body’s metabolism which can cause symptoms such as excessive sweating, weight loss, hand tremors and irregular heartbeat.

It is recommended that personss who are experiencing any of the warning signs or symptoms of listed above for hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism to visit their medical doctor and share the symptoms they are experiencing.

Thyroid disease is a treatable condition which often includes prescription medications and making healthy lifestyle choices such as diet, exercise and smoking.

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