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World | Oct 10, 2021

World Mental Health Day 2021: What you need to know

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Today is World Mental Health Awareness Day!

World Mental Health Day is observed on October 10th  every year. 

This day tries to create awareness about mental health issues. The theme for the World Mental Health Day 2021 is ‘mental health in an unequal world.’

Mental health issues are on the rise due in the main it is said because of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

According to surveys, around 14% of the population or 1 out of 7 individuals suffer from a psychological disorder.

Older people may be more prone to depressive disorders. It has also been shown that the disadvantaged and uneducated  may be more prone to mental disorders.  

Developmental disorders in children has drawn attention becoming a worrisome issue.  These include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), learning disabilities, and autism spectrum disorder.

World Mental Health Day 2021: All you need to know

Causes

The causes of psychological disorders can be split into two main categories: Biological and Psychosocial.

Biological causes include factors such as heredity conditions, disorders including neurological and endocrinological and infectious diseases, cases of family drug abuse.

Many conditions are associated with mental health problems, including Parkinson’s disease, dementia, stroke, endocrine conditions such as thyroid issues and diabetes, other conditions, and certain infections.

Substance abuse can lead to mental health problems and disorders.

Certain medications are also known to cause mental health problems.

The other major category is pgsychological. These include early life trauma in childhood such as physical, emotional and sexual abuse, dysfunctional family, dynamics and too frequent  social and residential environmental changes. 

 COVID-19 has become a significant unsettling factor leading to psychological problems; one of the biggest stressors in our lives.

Signs to look for

1.    Mood Disorders

2.    Heart palpitations

3.    Suicidal thoughts in more severe cases

4.    Vague aches and pains in the body

5.    Difficulty in breathing

6.    Suffocation

7.    Gastrointestinal problems such as acidity, burning, bloating, nausea, pain in the upper abdominal area, diarrhoea and constipation

8.    Attention deficit, confusion, inability to make decisions

9.    Problems sleeping

10.  Appetite disorders

 

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